2010 Volume 49 Issue 4 Pages 321-323
Pneumococcal endocarditis is a very serious and rare clinical entity that results in significant morbidity and high mortality rates. It causes severe disease and is typically seen in alcoholics and immunocompromised patients. Antimicrobial therapy and timely surgery are warranted for optimal management and improving outcomes. We present a case of a previously healthy 31-year-old Hispanic man with bicuspid aortic valve who developed severe bivalvular pneumococcal endocarditis complicated by suppurative pericarditis that was promptly treated with antimicrobial therapy and subsequent aortic valve replacement with initial favorable clinical and hemodynamic improvement.