2011 Volume 50 Issue 12 Pages 1317-1321
We treated two patients with male infertility due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency. Endocrinologic examinations disclosed low levels of LH and FSH, with elevated ACTH and 17-OH-progesterone in both. In addition, a small testicular tumor was found in Case 1, which disappeared after adrenal replacement. Suppressed gonadotropin levels caused by increased androgen seemed to underlie the sperm dysfunction in these patients. Dexamethasone and then clomiphene were administered in Case 1, and dexamethasone in Case 2. Spermatogenesis was somewhat improved in both patients and pregnancy achieved in Case 2, though spontaneous abortion later occurred.