2011 Volume 50 Issue 6 Pages 601-605
We report a case of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) after influenza A infection who was successfully treated with combined treatment including direct hemoperfusion with polymyxin B-immobilized fiber (PMX-DHP) column. A 56-year-old Japanese man was admitted to our hospital in January 2010 because of progressive dyspnea, hypoxemia, fever and bilateral diffuse infiltration on chest radiograph after pandemic influenza A infection. His chest computed tomography showed diffuse and patchy bilateral ground-glass opacities, and we diagnosed ARDS after influenza A infection. The patient was successfully treated with PMX-DHP in addition to the treatment with oseltamivir, corticosteroid, sivelestat and antibiotics with mechanical ventilation, and the patient recovered with only minor pulmonary fibrotic change. Although the efficacy of PMX-DHP treatment in patients with acute lung injury (ALI)/ARDS after influenza virus infection is not well established, this treatment could be a possible therapeutic modality in treating the patients with this disease.