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Internal Medicine
Vol. 50 (2011) No. 8 P 915-918

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http://doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.50.4147

CASE REPORTS

A 26-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of high fever, drowsiness, memory disturbance, and disorientation due to H1N1 influenza virus-associated encephalitis/encephalopathy. All of his symptoms rapidly improved following methylprednisolone pulse therapy. The diffusion-weighted image of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a large transient hyperintense signal lesion on the central splenium of the corpus callosum. This MRI finding in conjunction with a complete clinical recovery has been previously observed in cases of clinically mild seasonal influenza-associated encephalitis/encephalopathy, and can be also a useful clue for the diagnosis of new type of influenza, H1N1 influenza virus infection complicated by encephalitis/encephalopathy.

Copyright © 2011 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine

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