Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) makes patients susceptible to intravascular hemolysis and thrombosis, and it can be life-threatening in stressful situations. Eculizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody that inhibits the complement protein C5, has been evaluated as a novel therapy for PNH. We herein describe the case of a 59-year-old Japanese woman with classic PNH, who had been successfully treated with eculizumab, but who later developed acute cholecystitis/cholangitis from gallstones. Although the severe obstructive jaundice requiring endoscopic therapy following cholecystectomy was complicated, critical intravascular hemolysis and thrombosis were not observed. Therefore, utilizing eculizumab during the peri-operative management of PNH patients should be carefully taken into consideration.
2012 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine