2013 Volume 52 Issue 13 Pages 1495-1497
Clostridium difficile can cause pseudomembranous colitis (PMC). Antimicrobial agent exposure is a risk factor for Clostridium difficile-associated disease, whereas the use of antituberculous (anti-TB) agents is not. We herein report a case of PMC-associated with antituberculous therapy. A 63-year-old woman with tuberculous pericarditis treated with anti-TB agents was admitted for abdominal pain and diarrhea. On colonoscopy, mucoid exudate and yellowish plaque lesions were observed. The anti-TB agents were discontinued, and the patient was treated with metronidazole and clostridium butyricum. Her symptoms were relieved and did not recur when the anti-TB agents were restarted. In this report, we review the literature and discuss the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of this case.