Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
The Use of Oral Beclomethasone Dipropionate in the Treatment of Gastrointestinal Graft-versus-host Disease: The Experience of the Fukuoka Blood and Marrow Transplantation (BMT) Group
Shuichiro TakashimaTetsuya EtoMotoaki ShiratsuchiMichihiro HidakaYasuo MoriKoji KatoKenjiro KamezakiSeido OkuHideho HenzanKen TakaseTakamitsu MatsushimaKatsuto TakenakaHiromi IwasakiToshihiro MiyamotoKoichi AkashiTakanori Teshima
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2014 Volume 53 Issue 12 Pages 1315-1320


Objective We examined the therapeutic strategies for treating mild gastrointestinal (GI) graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) using oral beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) in 15 Japanese patients based on the donor source. The primary objective was to determine the efficacy and toxicity of oral BDP combined with/without low-dose prednisone (PSL).
Methods Oral BDP was administered with 1 mg/kg/d of PSL in patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation (BMT) or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT; n=11), and the dose of PSL was tapered off after 22 days. Oral BDP alone was administered in patients undergoing cord blood stem cell transplantation (CBSCT; n=4). The primary endpoint was the rate of treatment success on day 49, as measured according to the improvement or complete resolution of GI symptoms without additional treatment. The secondary endpoints included treatment-related toxicity according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria version 3.0, the rate of treatment discontinuation due to toxicity, the rate of relapse of acute GVHD by day 100 and the incidence of bacterial, fungal or viral infection, including cytomegalovirus (CMV) antigenemia.
Results Treatment success was achieved in seven of the 11 (64%) patients undergoing BMT or PBSCT and in all four patients (100%) undergoing CBSCT. Subsequent adverse events included herpes zoster infection, catheter-associated sepsis and CMV enteritis; all affected patients responded well to treatment.
Conclusion The use of a risk-stratified treatment strategy with oral BDP depending on the stem cell source is effective in patients with mild GI-GVHD.

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© 2014 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
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