Mixed cryoglobulinemia is occasionally seen in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. This report presents the case of a quiescent HBV carrier who had type II mixed cryoglobulinemia, protracted purpura, ulcerative skin lesions and advanced chronic kidney disease. The cutaneous manifestations of the patient improved along with a decrease in the serum cryoglobulin and HBV-deoxyribonucleic acid levels following the initiation of oral entecavir in combination with plasmapheresis. However, the patient ultimately required prednisolone due to the limited benefits of these treatments. We also discuss various concerns regarding steroid treatment in patients with mixed cryoglobulinemia complicated by HBV infection.
2014 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine