2015 Volume 54 Issue 14 Pages 1695-1703
Objective To determine the incidence, causes and prognosis of pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (PR-AKI) in Chinese women.
Methods From July 2004 to February 2013, 18,589 women of Han ethnicity who attended the Obstetrics and Nephrology Department of our tertiary hospital were investigated, and individuals meeting the PR-AKI criteria were included in the analysis. The WanFang, Chinese Science Journal, Chinese Knowledge, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane library databases were searched, and literature describing PR-AKI diagnoses with Chinese women as study subjects and a sample size of ≥5 were included.
Results The incidence of PR-AKI was 0.1183% (22/18,589). Hemorrhagic shock (31.8%) and pre-eclampsia (severe, 18.2%) were the two most common causes of PR-AKI. Twelve women recovered completely, six women displayed persistent proteinuria and four women had an increased serum creatinine level at discharge. There were no cases of death. Twenty women demonstrated adverse pregnancy outcomes (90.9%), including eight cases of stillbirth (36.4%). In our literature review, 29 of 4,076 articles were included, and the incidence of PR-AKI in China was found to range from 0.02% to 1.84%. Pregnancy hypertension (49.2%) and postpartum hemorrhage (13.8%) were found to be the most common causes of PR-AKI in China. The prognosis improved in 81.9% of the patients, the renal function deteriorated in 4.5% of the patients and 13.6% of the patients died. The rate of stillbirth was 27.0%.
Conclusion The maternal condition after active treatment was good, whereas the pregnancy outcomes were generally poor. Although the incidence of PR-AKI was relatively low, this finding is noteworthy. Further studies are thus warranted to improve maternal-fetal outcomes.