2015 Volume 54 Issue 7 Pages 833-836
We herein describe a 67-year-old man with advanced adenocarcinoma of the lung who developed an alveolar hemorrhage (AH) associated with pemetrexed. He received four courses of pemetrexed therapy with carboplatin and seven courses of pemetrexed maintenance therapy. One week after the last pemetrexed administration, the patient developed hemoptysis with deteriorating dyspnea and anemia. Chest images showed diffuse ground-glass attenuation. The diagnosis of AH was based on findings of bloody bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid, hemosiderin-laden macrophages in the BAL fluid, and a transbronchial lung biopsy sample. This report is the first to describe AH associated with pemetrexed.