Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Lifestyle Changes and Oxidative Stress in a High-incidence Area of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis in the Southwestern Kii Peninsula, Japan
Tameko KihiraKazushi OkamotoIori SakuraiYuya ArakawaIkuro WakayamaKoichi TakamiyaRyo OkumuraYuhto IinumaKeiko IwaiYasumasa KokuboSohei Yoshida
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JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

2017 Volume 56 Issue 12 Pages 1497-1506

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Abstract

Objective Lifestyle changes may play an important role in the incidence reduction and delay of onset age of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in the Koza/Kozagawa/Kushimoto (K) area. The aim of this study was to evaluate recent lifestyle changes in the K area and to investigate the relationships between lifestyle and oxidative stress among the residents.

Methods We conducted a medical checkup for elderly residents in the K area and the control area and evaluated the urinary 8-OHdG levels, cognitive function test scores and metal contents in serum and scalp hair, coupled with a lifestyle questionnaire survey between 2010 and 2015.

Results Recent lifestyle changes among the K residents, including a decrease in the Japanese pickle consumption, increase in fresh vegetable consumption and decrease in farm work, were evaluated in this study. Low consumption of Japanese pickles, high consumption of fresh vegetables, rare farm work and low levels of 8-OHdG/creatinine were all associated with high scores in the cognitive function tests. Frequent farm work and consumption of Japanese pickles was associated with high contents of transition metals, such as Mn, Al and V, in the scalp hair.

Conclusion These lifestyle changes among residents in the K area may be associated with their oxidative stress.

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© 2017 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
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