2017 Volume 56 Issue 17 Pages 2353-2360
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an autoinflammatory bone disorder that generally occurs in children and predominantly affects the long bones with marginal sclerosis. We herein report two cases of adult-onset CRMO involving the tibial diaphysis bilaterally, accompanied by polyarthritis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed both tibial osteomyelitis and high intensity of the extensive lower leg muscles. Anti-interleukin-6 therapy with tocilizumab (TCZ) effectively controlled symptoms and inflammatory markers in both patients. High intensity of the lower leg muscles detected by MRI also improved. These cases demonstrate that CRMO should be included in the differential diagnosis of adult patients with bone pain, inflammation, and high intensity of the muscles detected by MRI. TCZ may therefore be an effective therapy for muscle inflammation of CRMO.