2017 Volume 56 Issue 17 Pages 2271-2275
Objectives We aimed to identify the factors that predict the likelihood of remission based on a health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who received non-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) biologics for six months before they commenced definitive treatment.
Methods The subjects consisted of 97 RA patients treated with tocilizumab or abatacept for 6 months. The following characteristics were investigated: age, gender, body mass index, steroid and methotrexate dosage, serum matrix metalloproteinase-3 levels, simplified disease activity index (SDAI) score, HAQ score (for assessing the activities of daily living [ADL]) and the short form (SF)-36 score (for assessing the quality of life [QOL]). Remission based on the HAQ score is defined as HAQ ≤0.5 after 6 months of treatment. The subjects were divided into two groups: patients with HAQ score ≤0.5 and HAQ score >0.5, and a retrospective study was conducted.
Results The group of RA patients who entered remission based on the HAQ (53 patients) had a lower SDAI than the patients who did not enter remission (44 patients), and the RA patients had a lower tender joint count (TJC) and HAQ scores and a lower physician's global assessment (PGA) than those who did not enter remission. The physical component summary score (PCS) and role/social component summary score (RCS) of the SF-36 summary score were higher in the remission patients than in those without. Before the start of the treatment, the HAQ score, patients' global assessment (PtGA) and PCS and mental component summary score (MCS) of the SF-36 were determined based on a logistic regression analysis.
Conclusion Our findings suggest that RA patients with lower HAQ scores and PtGA and higher PCS and MCS of the SF-36 at baseline are more likely to achieve HAQ remission with non-TNF biologic treatment than others.