2017 Volume 56 Issue 23 Pages 3159-3165
Objective This study aimed to evaluate swallowing dysfunction in patients with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy and to identify the most appropriate method of assessing swallowing dysfunction using a videofluoroscopic swallowing study.
Methods In the videofluoroscopic swallowing study, patients were instructed to swallow 3 mL of 40% weight/volume barium sulfate twice, and the pharyngeal residue was measured. We used three different methods to quantify the pharyngeal barium residue and an eight-point scale to evaluate the laryngeal penetration leading to aspiration pneumoniae.
Patients We assessed 111 patients with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy who weren't undergoing disease-specific treatment.
Results Our results showed that the pharyngeal barium residue after initial swallowing correlated better with the bulbar-related functional rating scales than that after multiple deglutition. This correlation was vague when the data from patients whose barium residue was >50% were eliminated. In addition, evaluating the pharyngeal residue after initial swallowing proved to be the most sensitive method with regard to laryngeal penetration.
Conclusion This study showed that the pharyngeal barium residue after initial swallowing was the most appropriate parameter for quantitatively assessing the degree of dysphagia using a videofluoroscopic swallowing study and suggests that this method may predict laryngeal penetration and aspiration in patients with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy.