2018 Volume 57 Issue 2 Pages 181-187
Objective To retrospectively investigate the clinical manifestations of systemic amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis in Japanese patients and the treatment strategy for the condition.
Methods We conducted a survey of Japanese AL amyloidosis patients, who were treated between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2014.
Results A total of 741 AL amyloidosis patients were included in this study (436 men and 305 women; median age: 65 years old, range: 31-93). The most frequently affected organ was the kidneys (n=542), followed by the heart (n=252), gastrointestinal (GI) tract (n=164), autonomic nervous system (n=131), liver (n=71), and peripheral nervous system (n=71). Diagnostic findings were most commonly detected in the GI tract (upper GI tract: 350 cases, lower GI tract: 167 cases), followed by the bone marrow and kidneys. An abdominal fat-pad biopsy was only conducted in 128 patients. Autologous stem cell transplants (ASCTs) and bortezomib were used to treat 126 and 276 patients, respectively.
Conclusion The clinical features of Japanese patients with systemic AL amyloidosis are similar to those reported previously for cases in the US and Europe. Regarding treatment, a significant number of ASCTs were performed in Japan as well as in Western countries. Surprisingly, a marked number of patients received bortezomib as a treatment for AL amyloidosis.