Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
CASE REPORTS
The Impact of Human Parvovirus B19 Infection on Heart Failure and Anemia with Reference to Iron Metabolism Markers in an Adult Woman
Yuya NakamuraIsao OhsawaYoshikazu GotoHokuto NambaYusuke DodoMayumi TsujiYuji KiuchiMasahiro InagakiHiromichi Gotoh
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JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

2018 Volume 57 Issue 3 Pages 403-407

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Abstract

A 35-year-old woman with fever, edema and rash was admitted. Pleural effusion and cardiomegaly were observed. A laboratory analysis revealed anemia with iron deficiency and elevated human parvovirus B19 (B19V) immunoglobulin M. The patient's hepcidin-25 and erythroferrone levels were not elevated compared to those observed later in her clinical course. On the other hand, her growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) levels were elevated. She was diagnosed to have heart failure symptoms and anemia with specific iron metabolism abnormalities due to a B19V infection. After providing supportive treatment, the heart failure symptoms disappeared and her anemia had improved. This case emphasizes the need to include a B19V infection in the differential diagnosis when we encounter cases demonstrating reversible heart failure with anemia.

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© 2018 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
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