2018 Volume 57 Issue 3 Pages 403-407
A 35-year-old woman with fever, edema and rash was admitted. Pleural effusion and cardiomegaly were observed. A laboratory analysis revealed anemia with iron deficiency and elevated human parvovirus B19 (B19V) immunoglobulin M. The patient's hepcidin-25 and erythroferrone levels were not elevated compared to those observed later in her clinical course. On the other hand, her growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) levels were elevated. She was diagnosed to have heart failure symptoms and anemia with specific iron metabolism abnormalities due to a B19V infection. After providing supportive treatment, the heart failure symptoms disappeared and her anemia had improved. This case emphasizes the need to include a B19V infection in the differential diagnosis when we encounter cases demonstrating reversible heart failure with anemia.