2019 Volume 58 Issue 1 Pages 5-14
Connective tissue diseases (CTDs), also known as systemic autoimmune diseases, involve a variety of autoantibodies against cellular components. An important factor regarding these autoantibodies is that each antibody is exclusively related to a certain clinical feature of the disease type, which may prove useful in clinical practice. Thus far, more than 100 types of autoantibodies have been found in CTDs, and most of their target antigens have been identified. Many of these autoantigens are enzymes or regulators involved in important cellular functions, such as gene replication, transcription, repair/recombination, RNA processing, and protein synthesis, as well as proteins that form complexes with RNA and DNA. This article reviews the autoantibodies for each CTD, along with an assessment of their clinical significance, and provides suggestions regarding their utilization for clinical practice.