2019 Volume 58 Issue 18 Pages 2715-2719
A 24-year-old Japanese man exhibited slowly progressive gait disturbance from childhood to young adulthood. Physical and physiological examinations showed the involvement of both upper and lower motor neurons, fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Mild cognitive impairment and subclinical sensory involvement were also observed. A genetic analysis revealed novel compound heterozygous mutations, c.767C>T (p.Thr256Ile) and c.800A>G (p.Asp267Gly), in the vaccinia-related kinase 1 gene (VRK1). This is the first report of a Japanese patient with a motor neuron disease phenotype caused by VRK1 mutations. This diagnosis should be considered in atypical cases of juvenile-onset and slowly progressive types of motor neuron disease.