2019 Volume 58 Issue 20 Pages 2989-2992
Orofaciodigital syndrome 1 (OFD-1) is a rare, X-linked, dominantly inherited disorder caused by an OFD1 mutation that can cause polycystic kidneys. A 37-year-old woman on hemodialysis therapy was admitted to our hospital for trans-catheter arterial embolization therapy for enlarged polycystic kidneys. Lobulated tongue and brachydactyly were noticed, prompting an OFD1 sequencing analysis. Sequencing revealed a causal four-base-pair deletion in exon 13, both in the patient and in her mother, whose renal function had been retained. The peripheral leukocyte X chromosome inactivation pattern was skewed in the patient but not in her mother, suggesting some role in their phenotypic difference.