2019 Volume 58 Issue 3 Pages 381-385
An aortic mural thrombus (AMT) on a non-atherosclerotic wall is a rare but important cause of arterial thromboembolism. We herein report two cases of AMT in the thoracic aorta. Both showed multiple hypercoagulable factors (case 1: protein S deficiency and positive finding of anti-cardiolipin antibody; case 2: protein C deficiency, gastric cancer, and cisplatin-based chemotherapy) and were successfully treated with anticoagulation. Hypercoagulable states, including malignancy, can influence the formation of AMT; therefore, the accurate assessment of a hypercoagulable condition is necessary when we encounter patients with AMT.