2019 Volume 58 Issue 3 Pages 387-393
A 52-year-old man with recurrent epistaxis and palpebral conjunctival telangiectasia visited our hospital for a follow-up checkup for gastrointestinal polyposis. At 48 years of age, he underwent Y-graft replacement for an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Arteriovenous malformation was detected in his lungs, and a genetic test revealed an SMAD4 mutation. Eventually, he was diagnosed with juvenile polyposis-hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (JP-HHT) syndrome. In addition, fatty degeneration of the left ventricle and a coronary aneurysm were detected. This is the first report suggesting the possibility of an association between these manifestations and JP-HHT due to SMAD4 mutations. Examining cardiovascular disorders in JP-HHT patients is imperative.