2019 Volume 58 Issue 6 Pages 849-854
Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) can share clinical features and may be indistinguishable, even after brain biopsy. We encountered a case of Epstein-Barr virus-positive (EBV+) PCNSL recurrence in a patient with clinical features of CLIPPERS, and repeat brain biopsy was required to reach the correct diagnosis. Four years after the initial diagnosis and treatment of PCNSL, "peppering" punctate enhanced lesions with transient steroid responsiveness were detected during brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A second brain biopsy supported a diagnosis of CLIPPERS, while a third biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of recurrent PCNSL.