2020 Volume 59 Issue 2 Pages 267-270
A healthy 28-year-old woman presented suddenly with intractable status epilepticus: a focal seizure evolved into a generalized seizure preceded by a high fever. Brain magnetic resonance imaging indicated bilateral hyperintensities in the hippocampus on T2-weighted imaging. Electroencephalograms continuously demonstrated diffuse sharp waves and poly-spikes. Comprehensive immunomodulation therapies and anti-epileptic drugs did not lead to any improvements. We therefore diagnosed her with cryptogenic limbic encephalitis and new-onset refractory status epilepticus (NORSE). We detected positive anti-ganglioside antibodies, IgG-GQ1b, GD1a, and GT1b, which were negative at six months after the onset. We emphasize the heterogeneous pathogenesis and intractable conditions of NORSE.