2021 Volume 60 Issue 10 Pages 1577-1581
Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes (PNS), such as sensory polyneuropathy, are rare, and serum neuronal antibodies that are used for diagnosing this syndrome are occasionally positive. Similarly, neurological immune-related adverse events due to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are also rare. However, their etiologies and the relationship between them remain unclear. We herein report a patient with suspected small cell lung cancer who showed sensory polyneuropathy after treatment with atezolizumab in combination with cytotoxic agents (carboplatin and etoposide) and was doubly positive for serum anti-Hu and anti-SOX-1 antibodies. Treatment with ICI and cytotoxic agents may sometimes lead to the development of PNS.