Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Prognostic Significance of Left Ventricular Dyssynchrony Assessed with Nuclear Cardiology for the Prediction of Major Cardiac Events after Revascularization
Hidesato FujitoShunichi YodaTakumi HattaYusuke HoriMisa HayaseMasatsugu MiyagawaYasuyuki SuzukiNaoya MatsumotoYasuo Okumura
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ジャーナル オープンアクセス

2021 年 60 巻 23 号 p. 3679-3692

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Objective This retrospective study was aimed at determining whether or not stress phase bandwidth (SPBW), a left ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony index, predicts major cardiac events (MCEs) and stratifies the risk of those in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who undergo revascularization.

Methods Patients were followed up to confirm the prognosis for at least one year. The SPBW was calculated by a phase analysis using the Heart Risk View-F software program. The composite endpoint was the onset of MCEs, consisting of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, and severe heart failure requiring hospitalization.

Patients The study subjects were 332 patients with CAD who underwent coronary angiography and revascularization after confirming ≥5% ischemia detected by rest 201Tl and stress 99mTc-tetrofosmin electrocardiogram-gated single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging.

Results During the follow-up, 35 patients experienced MCEs of cardiac death (n=5), non-fatal myocardial infarction (n=3), unstable angina pectoris (n=11), and severe heart failure requiring hospitalization (n=16). A receiver operating characteristics analysis indicated that the optimal cut-off value of the SPBW was 52° for predicting MCEs, and the MCE rate was significantly higher in the patients with an SPBW >52° than in those with an SPBW ≤52°. Results of the multivariate analysis showed the SPBW and estimated glomerular filtration rate to be independent predictors for MCEs. In addition, the cut-off value of the SPBW significantly stratified the risk of MCEs according to the results of the Kaplan-Meier analysis.

Conclusion Evaluating the SPBW before revascularization may help predict future MCEs in patients with CAD who intended to undergo treatment.

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© 2021 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
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