Article ID: 3107-19
A 60-year-old woman with a 20-year history of myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA)-associated vasculitis visited our hospital due to productive cough and a low-grade fever for several weeks. Thoracic computed tomography demonstrated scattered tiny nodules, patchy consolidation, ground glass opacities, and thickening interlobular septa. On video-assisted thoracic surgery, those abnormalities were found to correspond to the accumulation of hemosiderin-laden alveolar macrophages (AMs) in the alveolar spaces and alveolar septa due to MPO-ANCA vasculitis. The radiological findings persisted for a further two years, indicating the possibility of persistent vasculitis in the lung or evidence of incomplete clearance of hemosiderin-laden AMs.