Article ID: 7016-21
Acute exacerbation of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (AE-IIP) is associated with invasive procedures and respiratory infections. However, there have been no reports of AE-IIP triggered by catheter ablation. We herein report a case of AE-IIP after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation in an 82-year-old man who was diagnosed with IIP. Cardiac ablation has become an increasingly common procedure for managing patients with arrhythmias. Considering that catheter ablation causes AE-IIP, a detailed clinical interview, physical examination, and chest radiography are necessary before catheter ablation. We should additionally consider AE-IIP as a differential diagnosis of respiratory failure after catheter ablation.