Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
A Cluster Analysis of Bronchial Asthma Patients with Depressive Symptoms
Yo SeinoTakashi HasegawaToshiyuki KoyaTakuro SakagamiIchiro MashimaNatsue ShimizuYoshiyuki MuramatsuKumiko MuramatsuEiichi SuzukiToshiaki KikuchiNiigata Respiratory Disease Study Group
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JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS Advance online publication

Article ID: 9073-17

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Abstract

Objective Whether or not depression affects the control or severity of asthma is unclear. We performed a cluster analysis of asthma patients with depressive symptoms to clarify their characteristics.

Methods and subjects Multiple medical institutions in Niigata Prefecture, Japan, were surveyed in 2014. We recorded the age, disease duration, body mass index (BMI), medications, and surveyed asthma control status and severity, as well as depressive symptoms and adherence to treatment using questionnaires. A hierarchical cluster analysis was performed on the group of patients assessed as having depression.

Results Of 2,273 patients, 128 were assessed as being positive for depressive symptoms (DS[+]). Thirty-three were excluded because of missing data, and the remaining 95 DS[+] patients were classified into 3 clusters (A, B, and C). The patients in cluster A (n=19) were elderly, had severe, poorly controlled asthma, and demonstrated possible adherence barriers; those in cluster B (n=26) were elderly with a low BMI and had no significant adherence barriers but had severe, poorly controlled asthma; and those in cluster C (n=50) were younger, with a high BMI, no significant adherence barriers, well-controlled asthma, and few were severely affected. The scores for depressive symptoms were not significantly different between clusters.

Conclusion About half of the patients in the DS[+] group had severe, poorly controlled asthma, and these clusters were able to be distinguished by their ASK-12 score, which reflects adherence barriers. The control status and severity of asthma may also be related to the age, disease duration, and BMI in the DS[+] group.

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© 2018 by The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
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