1993 Volume 32 Issue 7 Pages 547-551
A 47-year-old man with acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection who had been receiving immunosuppressants after renal transplantation developed progressive liver failure. During the clinical course (approximately 7 months), anti-HBc IgM antibody and HBV-DNA polymerase levels remained high, but the serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level was consistently less than 150 K.U. Histopathologic examination of the liver showed submassive hepatic necrosis without significant inflammation accompanied by marked fibrosis. Most hepatocytes showed strong nuclear expression of HBc antigen by immunohistochemical staining and electron microscopy revealed numerous intranuclear core-like particles. Hepatitis B virus infection in immunosuppressed individuals occasionally insidiously progresses, resulting in liver failure. The clinical course of such patients thus merits close scrutiny.
(Internal Medicine 32: 547-551, 1993)