1996 Volume 35 Issue 4 Pages 257-260
We have previously shown that high altitude pulmonary edema-susceptible subjects (HAPE-S) have an accentuated pulmonary vascular response to hypoxia. In this study, we investigated the relationship between plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels and the acute hypoxic pulmonary vascular response in HAPE-S and control subjects. In six HAPE-S and seven healthy subjects, we evaluated acceleration time/right ventricular ejection time (AcT/RVET) using Doppler echocardiography, and measured plasma ET-1 levels by radioimmunoassay (RIA) before and after 5 minutes of breathing 10% oxygen. The HAPE-S showed a significantly increased pulmonary vascular response to hypoxia compared with healthy subjects. However, no statistically significant changes of plasma ET-1 levels were observed before and after hypoxia in both groups. We conclude that the increased pulmonary vascular response to acute hypoxia in HAPE-S may not be related to ET-1 release.
(Internal Medicine 35: 257-260, 1996)