1997 Volume 36 Issue 3 Pages 175-178
To study the epidemiology of the neurologic manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-l infection in Japan, we conducted two nationwide surveys. Of 1854 HIV-1 carriers, 578 had acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and 166 (28.7% of AIDS patients) had neurologic manifestations including HIV dementia (11.8%), myelopathy (3.6%) and peripheral neuropathy (2.6%). The incidence of neurologic manifestations in patients with HIV-1 infection through blood products was about 60% of that in patients with HIV-1 infection through sex or unknown routes. This nationwide survey showed that the incidence of neurologic manifestations in AIDS patients in Japan was consistent with that in other countries.
(Internal Medicine 36: 175-178, 1997)