We report cases of amebiasis in 6 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive male patients. Five were confirmed homosexuals while one was suspected. Three patients had liver abscess and 5 had colitis with duration of 10 days to months. The patients with liver abscess showed a lower incidence of abdominal pain but a higher incidence of concomitant diarrhea. Drainage therapy was effective for rapid afebrile results. Two invasive colitis cases died from perforation. This may have been due to delayed diagnosis. Invasive amebiasis is not common even in HIV-infected individuals. Among Japanese homosexual men, however, it may cause symptomatic diseases.
(Internal Medicine 40: 671-675, 2001)
The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine