Systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) is characterized by recurrent hypovolemic shock attributable to increased systemic capillary leakage. A 46-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of recurrent episodes of generalized edema with hypovolemic shock. Blood laboratory data revealed severe hypoproteinemia with a small monoclonal IgG-κ protein. These findings suggested strongly the diagnosis of SCLS. A regimen with steroid pulse therapy was tried; however, intravascular overloading accompanied by the recruitment of the initially extravasated fluids resulted in acute pulmonary edema. Intensive care and careful monitoring of fluid volume are required in SCLS.
(Internal Medicine 41: 953-956, 2002)
The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine