Internal Medicine
Online ISSN : 1349-7235
Print ISSN : 0918-2918
ISSN-L : 0918-2918
A Patient with Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 (DM1) Accompanied by Laryngeal and Renal Cell Carcinomas Had a Small CTG Triplet Repeat Expansion But No Somatic Instability in Normal Tissues
Masanobu KINOSHITARyuichi OSANAIMasaru KIKKAWAAkiko ADACHIToshiyuki OHTAKETetsuo KOMORIKohzo HASHIMOTOShinnji ITOYAMATetsuya MITARAIKazuhiko HIROSE
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2002 Volume 41 Issue 4 Pages 312-318

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Abstract

We examined (CTG)n lengths in various tissues from a 70-year-old man with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) who had a small 60-70 (CTG)n expansion in his leukocytes. He died of renal cell carcinoma 5 years after a total laryngectomy for laryngeal carcinoma. Southern blot and polymerase chain reaction analyses were done on tissues obtained at autopsy. In the various normal tissues, (CTG)n lengths were almost all the same size, whereas the renal cell carcinoma and metastatic tissues had longer lengths. When compared with the lengths in leukocytes about 5 years previously, (CTG)n lengths in the normal tissues were the same size. These findings suggest that both somatic instability and age-dependent (CTG)n expansion in DM1 patients with a small expansion may be less dominant than in patients with large expansions.
(Internal Medicine 41: 312-318, 2002)

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