The International Economy
Online ISSN : 1884-4367
Print ISSN : 2186-6074
ISSN-L : 1884-4367
Special Issue in Memory of Michihiro Ohyama and Makoto Ikema
The Margins of Intermediate Goods Trade: Theory and Evidence
Tomohiro AraHongyong Zhang
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2020 Volume 23 Pages 105-144


This paper develops a heterogeneous-firm model in which firms in asymmetric countries in terms of sizes and trade costs export and import intermediate goods subject to selection. We show that the elasticity with respect to variable trade costs is greater for intermediate goods than for final goods, mainly due to the extensive margin. Using China Customs data with tariff-gravity data, we empirically assess the impact of tariffs as well as distances on China’s imports and find empirical evidence in support of our prediction of the model.

JEL Classication: F12, F13, F14

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© 2020 The Japan Society of International Economics
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