2005 Volume 45 Issue 10 Pages 1386-1395
Unsteady behavior with bridging/slipping of solid bed in low reducing agents rate operation of blast furnace was simulated using a two dimensional cold model. Alumina sphere was used as representative particle of coke/ore packed bed. Two kinds of deadman particles different in gas permeability was examined. To simulate the effect of cohesive zone on unsteady behavior, a sand layer of lower gas-permeability was charged with a certain thickness at the top of the bed, which descended with a form of cohesive zone when it reached at the lower part. Further, a fine coke layer was set at the shaft bottom with a certain size assuming accumulation of fines. Unsteady phenomenon with the fine coke accumulation was observed with another thin sand layers, charged in the shaft assuming increase of gas-permeability resistance in lower reducing agents rate operation. It was revealed that the ratio of peripheral flow rate to the total gas injection rate had a considerable effect on the discontinuous behavior of both solid descending motion and gas static pressure. The ratio increased with decline in deadman gas-permeability, approach of the simulated cohesive zone to deadman surface and inflow of small particles into raceway. There was a lowest critical position of the simulated cohesive zone for the rapid increase of discontinuity. The bridging/slipping behavior with fines accumulation was significantly affected by the low gas-permeability layers charged in shaft. Setting up the chimney zone of high gas-permeability at the central part was effective to decrease the discontinuous motion.