2005 Volume 45 Issue 11 Pages 1561-1566
Although extensive development has occurred in recent years for models of induration of iron ore pellets, none of these models have taken into account the partial melting of some of the raw materials. To determine the importance of partial melting and melt phase formation to the energy balance for induration, estimates have been made of the thermodynamic properties of silicoferrite of calcium, SFC, using published techniques. SFC was used in this paper as an example of the initial melt forming minerals in the pellets. Owing to the complexity of the structure of SFC, there was some doubt as to the accuracy of these estimates as they suggested that SFC was not a thermodynamically stable phase, though it exists between 1050 and 1250°C. As no experimental data was available, however, these ‘best available’ estimates have been incorporated into a mathematical model to determine the effect of melt phase formation on the induration process. It was found that while there was little effect on the pellet temperature profiles, the overall amount of energy required to indurate the pellets increased by about 1-1.5% when melt phase formation was included. This suggests that experimental determination of the thermodynamic properties of SFC and other phases produced from the melt would be of benefit in modelling the energy requirements for induration of pellets more accurately.