2005 Volume 45 Issue 12 Pages 1848-1855
Numerical analysis on Si deoxidation of molten Fe, Ni, Fe-Ni, Fe-Cr, Fe-Cr-Ni, Ni-Cu and Ni-Co alloys have been carried out. The excess Gibbs free energy change of mixing has described with Redlich-Kister type polynomial using the relation derived from Darken's quadratic formalism. Excellent agreement between present work and experimental results was found for equilibrium Si and O contents in molten Fe, Ni, Fe-Ni, Fe-Cr, Fe-Cr-Ni, Ni-Cu and Ni-Co alloys. Si deoxidation equilibrium of not only one component metal but also alloys can be analyzed numerically using the formula determined in the present work. Also, interaction parameters of Redlich-Kister type polynomial can be easily converted into interaction coefficients with Taylor's series, which are widely used in steelmaking processes.