2005 Volume 45 Issue 9 Pages 1307-1315
The low solubility of titanium nitrides (TiN) in austenite is taken advantage of in structural steels to control the evolution of the microstructure in the hot rolling process and in the heat affected zone (HAZ) in processes involving the application of heat, such as welding. However, the quantitative influence of the precipitation state of these particles on hot strength and dynamic recrystallisation kinetics, given by the precipitate size distribution and the precipitated volume, is practically unknown. The present work studies the influence of various Ti and N compositions, which give rise to different precipitation states at the reheating temperatures, on the aforementioned phenomena. The influence of the precipitation state on hot strength has been quantified by changes in the peak stress and the activation energy. A maximum has been obtained for the activation energy which corresponds to a Ti/N ratio of approximately 1.3. The model used to predict the flow curve and dynamic recrystallisation kinetics has been improved, extending it to include microalloyed steels containing Ti.