ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
Regular Article
Viscosities of CaO–SiO2–Al2O3–(R2O or RO) Melts
Souhei SukenagaNoritaka SaitoKiyoshi KawakamiKunihiko Nakashima
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2006 Volume 46 Issue 3 Pages 352-358

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Abstract

The effect of adding R2O (R=Li, Na and K) or RO (R=Ba, Mg) on the viscosities of CaO–SiO2–Al2O3 (CaO/SiO2=0.67, 1.00 or 1.22, Al2O3=20 mass%) melts has been measured by rotating crucible viscometer. In addition, structural characterizations of these quenched vitreous samples have been investigated by 27Al and 29Si MAS-NMR spectra.
The viscosities of CaO–SiO2–Al2O3–R2O quaternary melts decreased with increasing the additive content of Li2O or Na2O. However, the viscosity of the melts increased with increasing the additive content of K2O. In the case of CaO–SiO2–Al2O3–RO quaternary melts, the viscosities of the melts with CaO/SiO2=0.67 decreased with increasing the additive content of BaO or MgO, however, the viscosities of the melts with CaO/SiO2=1.00 and 1.22 increased with increasing the additive content of BaO.
In the case of CaO–SiO2–Al2O3–R2O, the analysis of 27Al MAS-NMR spectra and 29Si MAS-NMR spectra indicated that the degree of polymerization of silicate anions in the glasses decreased with the addition of Li2O or Na2O, and that the degree of polymerization of aluminosilicate anions in the glasses increased with the addition of K2O. It was estimated from the results that the increase in viscosities of CaO–SiO2–Al2O3–K2O melts was dependent on increase of aluminosilicate anions in the melts with the addition of K2O.
In the case of CaO–SiO2–Al2O3–RO, the analysis of 27Al MAS-NMR spectra and 29Si MAS-NMR spectra indicated that the degree of polymerization of silicate and aluminosilicate anions in the glasses decreased with the addition of MgO. The degree of polymerization of aluminosilicate anions in the glasses increased with the addition BaO. It was estimated from the results that the increase in viscosities of CaO–SiO2–Al2O3–BaO melts was dependent on increase of aluminosilicate anions in the melts with the addition of BaO.

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© 2006 by The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
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