ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
Regular Article
Optimization of Alternating Current Imposing Period on Crystal Alignment of Sn–Pb Alloy Subjected to a Static Magnetic Field during Solidification
Manabu UsuiKazuhiko IwaiShigeo Asai
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2007 Volume 47 Issue 11 Pages 1613-1617


For optimization of alternating current imposing period in the crystal alignment process in which both a static magnetic field and an alternating current are imposed on an alloy during solidification, experimental work has been done using a Sn–10mass%Pb alloy. Index of crystal alignment decreases with increase in the imposing period of the alternating current because the electromagnetic torque induced in the sample disturbs the alignment of solid particles suspended in the liquid phase. Electromagnetic torque is dominant as resistance of the crystal rotation to magnetically preferred direction when the size of the crystal is 21 μm or larger. For the optimization of the crystal alignment in this process, imposing period of the electric current and the magnetic field should be controlled as follows. The electric current and the magnetic field are simultaneously imposed on the alloy only in the initial stage of the solidification. Then the electric current is turned off and only the magnetic field is imposed during the solidification.

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© 2007 by The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
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