2007 Volume 47 Issue 12 Pages 1804-1812
The thermo-mechanical properties of low stacking fault energy austenitic Fe18Mn0.6C steel exhibiting twinning-induced plasticity were investigated during uniaxial tensile deformation using infrared thermography. Over a wide strain range, the plastic deformation was by the movement of very few well-defined localized deformation bands. The formation and propagation of Portevin–LeChatelier (PLC) bands lead to type A and type B serrated stress–strain curves, exhibiting a negative strain rate sensitivity. The PLC band properties were analyzed in detail: strain, strain rate and mobile dislocation density within the bands were determined. The microstructures of the un-deformed and deformed Fe18Mn0.6C TWIP steel were studied by transmission electron microscopy. The possible dynamic strain aging processes causing the localized deformation are reviewed.