2009 Volume 49 Issue 5 Pages 687-692
Effects of adding SiO2 or Al2O3 on the penetration characteristics of calcium ferrite (CF) melts into hematite substrate with the different percentage of porosity were examined, and were discussed from the viewpoints of the relation to the solubility gap, ΔFe2O3 (mol%), viscosity and surface tension of the CF-based melts.
In case of dense hematite substrate with 5% porosity, the penetration depth of CF melts into hematite substrate was depressed by the addition of SiO2 or Al2O3, and the addition of SiO2 was more effective than that of Al2O3. Moreover, the penetration of CF-based melts along grain boundaries into hematite substrate did not take place, and melts/hematite interface moved down by dissolution of solid hematite into these melts. The penetration depth of CF-based melts into hematite substrate was mostly determined by ΔFe2O3 (mol%), which meant that the dissolution of hematite into melts was rate-determine.
In case of porous hematite substrate with 15% porosity, the penetration of CF-based melts along grain boundaries into hematite substrate occurred, and the penetration depth was 10 times deeper than the case of dense hematite substrate with 5% porosity for each slag. The penetration depth of CF melts was increased by the addition of SiO2 due to the decrease of melting temperature in the calcium ferrite system. The penetration depth of CF melts with the addition of Al2O3 was very similar to that of CF melts. These melts penetrated into hematite substrate with crystallization (solid) due to the increase of the melting temperature in calcium ferrite system by the dissolution of hematite into the liquid phase. The penetration depth of CF-based melts into hematite substrate was dominated by the ratio between the surface tension and viscosity of melts taking the suspension-corrected into consideration.