2011 Volume 51 Issue 4 Pages 603-611
Key parameters for controlled rolling and accelerated cooling process have been determined to industrially produce 45–50 mm heavy plates of microalloyed low carbon-equivalent SiMnCrNiCu steel for offshore structures and shipbuilding. The plates were hot rolled from continuously cast slabs with a four-high 5000 mm width mill and cooled with an accelerate-cooling system. The process was characterized by heavy finish rolling reduction ratio over 63% in austenite non-recrystallization region and interrupted accelerated cooling at 460°C to form quasipolygonal ferrite and acicular ferrite as majorities of microstructure. Yield-strength greater than 460 MPa was achieved at room temperature, and Charpy V notch impact energies of 150 to ~300 J were secured even at –80°C. Coarse granular bainite and/or degenerate upper bainite were identified harmful, causing cleavage fracture. The correlation between the fraction of high-angle grain boundaries (≥15 deg) and ductile-brittle transition temperature was derived quantitatively for the advanced heavy plates. The effect of heat input during heavy plate welding on the microstructure and mechanical properties in the coarse-grained heat affect zone was discussed.