ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
ISSN-L : 0915-1559
Regular Article
Preliminary Evaluation of Fly Ash and Lime for Use as Supplementary Cementing Materials in Cold-Agglomerated Blast Furnace Briquetting
Mikko MäkeläTimo PaananenTommi KokkonenHannu MakkonenJyrki HeinoOlli Dahl
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2011 Volume 51 Issue 5 Pages 776-781


The utilization of biomass fly ash and lime was investigated as cement replacements in blast furnace briquetting. Sample characterization included chemical (XRF) and mineralogical (XRD) analysis, particle size determination, and thermal behaviour (TGA/DSC-TGA). Additionally, the mechanical performance and fly ash, lime, and fly ash/lime mixtures as cement replacements were determined by incorporation in mortars tested by standardized methods (EN 196-1). Based on the results, detrimental alkali, sulphur, and chlorine contents of the biomass fly ashes do not seem to restrict use in briquetting. However, the utilization of fly ashes as cement replacements resulted in significant decline of 28 day compression strength values. The two different fly ash samples attested to 28 day compression strength of app. 72% and 55% of the respective control. Inferior mechanical performance was related to moisture absorption according to XRD and DSC-TGA and relatively larger particle size. Respectively, lime additions encouraged fly ash strength development only in the case of inferior fly ash performance related to the aforementioned effects. The results provide important information for the forth-coming manufacture of blast furnace test briquettes, which is to commence in the near future.

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© 2011 by The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
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