2011 Volume 51 Issue 9 Pages 1461-1467
The flow pattern in the uphill teeming process has been found to be closely related to the quality of ingots and further affects the yield of ingots production, which is crucial for steel making process. The formation of non-metallic inclusion and entrapment of mold flux has been considered to be affected by the flow pattern in the gating system and molds by many previous researchers. The emphasis of this study is focused on the flow pattern of steel in the gating system and molds during the initial stage of the mold filling process. A three dimensional model of two molds gating system for 6.2 ton ingots from Scana Steel is adopted in the present work. A reduced geometry including one mold and a runner is also used for comparison with the present results. In addition, the realizable k-ε model was used to study the flow pattern in uphill teeming process. The predictions were compared with practical filling information from industrial data and results from previous researches. It concludes that a reduced geometry with homogenous inlet condition fails to describe the fluctuating conditions present as the steel enters the mold. However, the trends are very similar when comparing the (hump height-surface height) evolution over time. The maximum wall shear stress fluctuates with a descending trend. A special attention should be made in choosing refractory at center stone, the horizontal runner and the vertical runner at elbow, where the wall shear stress values are highest or with long exposure time.