2014 Volume 54 Issue 3 Pages 489-495
A thermodynamic database for the oxyfluoride system CaO–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–Na2O–K2O–Li2O–MnO–FeO–F has been developed based on the critical evaluation and optimization of all available experimental thermodynamic and phase diagram data. The developed database can be used for phase diagram and equilibrium solidification calculations for multicomponent systems. Such accurate database with high predictability capability assists in understanding the crystallization behavior of mold fluxes. In addition, a kinetic model was developed to simulate the interactions between the mold flux and molten steel using effective equilibrium reaction volumes combined with the thermodynamic database. The kinetic model successfully reproduced the significant Al2O3 accumulation observed when casting high Al steel with CaO–SiO2 based mold flux. Equilibrium solidification calculation performed on the Al2O3-rich mold slag revealed detrimental changes in the solidification temperature, the primary phase and the evolution of the liquid fraction with temperature.