ISIJ International
Online ISSN : 1347-5460
Print ISSN : 0915-1559
Regular Article
Inclusion Evolution after Calcium Addition in Low Carbon Al-Killed Steel with Ultra Low Sulfur Content
Guangwei YangXinhua Wang
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2015 Volume 55 Issue 1 Pages 126-133

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Abstract

Inclusions in steel samples collected 0.5, 2, 5, 10 and 20 min after calcium addition were investigated in Low Carbon Aluminum Killed steel (LCAK steel) with ultra low sulfur content (0.04–0.065% Al, 9 ppm S). It’s found that inclusions change from CaO to CaO–CaS and finally to CaO–Al2O3–CaS with time. Al2O3 in inclusions linearly decreases by increasing T.Ca/T.O of the steel and disappears when T.Ca/T.O exceeds 3. CaS/CaO of the inclusions linearly increases by increasing S/T.O of the steel. Contents of CaO, Al2O3 and CaS can be estimated through T.Ca, S and T.O. CaO–CaS clusters are found at 5 min. The mechanism of inclusion evolution and formation of CaO–CaS clusters are discussed.

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© 2015 by The Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
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