2015 Volume 55 Issue 12 Pages 2618-2623
A new technique for the quantitative characterisation of the microstructure in steels has been developed. Using a small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) instrument at a pulsed neutron source, both a SANS profile and a Bragg-edge transmission spectrum could be simultaneously measured. The SANS analysis provides structural information about the precipitates in steels, while the Bragg-edge transmission analysis reveals the crystal structure of the steel matrix. As a demonstration, Fe–C–Cu–V alloys were measured and analysed. The SANS profiles showed that nanosized precipitates were grown when the alloys were aged at 823 K. The Bragg-edge of the corresponding transmission spectra clearly revealed that the ferritic matrix was kept with the aging time. The experimental results confirmed that this new technique provides a new possibility of efficient characterisation of the steel microstructures.