2015 Volume 55 Issue 8 Pages 1762-1771
0.4%C-2%Si-1%Cr-1%Mo steels with different austenite grain structures were quenched and tempered at 773 K and deformed by multi-pass caliber rolling with a rolling reduction of 78% (i.e. warm tempforming, (WTF)). The microstructures, in addition to the tensile and Charpy impact properties of the warm tempformed (TF) steels, were investigated in relation to the prior-austenite grain (PAG) structures. The TF samples demonstrated hierarchical microstructures consisting of “packet bands” and “ultrafine elongated grains (UFEGs)”. The PAG structure had little influence on the transverse grain size, grain shape, <110>//rolling direction (RD) fiber texture, and carbide particle distribution in the UFEG structure, while the size of the packet bands decreased as the PAG size decreased. The PAG size had little influence on the strength of the TF sample. However, the effect of the WTF on the tensile ductility and toughness was enhanced as the PAG size decreased. It was demonstrated that as the PAG size decreased, the inverse temperature dependence of impact toughness (resulting from delamination) became significant at lower temperatures. The delamination toughening mechanism was discussed in relation to the UFEG and packet band structures.